Moxibustion is a form of therapy which treats and prevents diseases by applying heat to points or certain parts of the body. The material used is mainly “moxa wool” which is made of dry mugwort leaves (Artemisia vulgaris). These leaves are reputed to be dried by being buried in terracota pots for seven years. The moxa wool is finely ground and coarse stems removed.
Traditionally the moxa wool is formed into a tiny cone which is placed on the acupuncture point and lighted. Sometimes moxa cones are placed on slices of ginger, or moxa wool is placed into small handcrafted brass box. These days majority of modern practitioners use rolled moxa which looks like a large cigar.
Burning moxa wool delivers mild heat and at the same time penetrates deep beneath the skin. It forms part of TCM and it has been used for curative purposes in China for several thousands of years.